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Szakirodalomi Publikációk 5

Ginseng Irodalom:


 G.1. Botanical characteristics, pharmacological effects and medicinal components of Korean Panax  ginseng C A Meyer by Kwang-tae Choi

Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (2008) 29, 1109–1118; doi:10.1111/j.1745-7254.2008.00869.x


Korean Panax ginseng C A Meyer is mainly used to maintain the homeostasis of the body, and the pharmacological efficacy of Korean ginseng identified by modern science includes improved brain function, pain-relieving effects, preventive effects against tumors as well as anti-tumor activity, enhanced immune system function, anti-diabetic effects, enhanced liver function, adjusted blood pressure, anti-fatigue and anti-stress effects, improved climacteric disorder and sexual functions, as well as anti-oxidative and anti-aging effects. Further clinical studies of these pharmacological efficacies will continue to be carried out. Korean ginseng is found to have such main properties as ginsenoside, ployacety-lene, acid polysaccharide, anti-oxidative aromatic compound, and insulin-like acid peptides. The number of ginsenoside types contained in Korean ginseng (38 ginsenosides) is substantially more than that of ginsenoside types contained in American ginseng (19 ginsenosides). Furthermore, Korean ginseng has been identified to contain more main non-saponin compounds, phenol compounds, acid polysaccharides and polyethylene compounds than American ginseng and Sanchi ginseng.

G.2. Beneficial effects of Korean red ginseng on lymphocyte DNA damage, antioxidant enzyme activity, and LDL oxidation in healthy participants: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial by: Ji Young Kim1†, Ju Yeon Park2†, Hee Jung Kang3, Oh Yoen Kim4 and Jong Ho Lee Nutrition Journal 2012, 11:47 doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-47


The reported health benefits of Korean red ginseng (KRG) include antioxidant, antitumor, antimutagenic, and immunomodulatory activities; however, the effects on oxidative stress have not yet been evaluated. Therefore, we assessed the effect of KRG on antioxidant enzymes and oxidative stress markers in humans.

G.3. Ginseng extracts modulate mitochondrial bioenergetics of live cardiomyoblasts: a functional comparison of different extraction solvents
Yun Huang,  Kenneth Kin Leung Kwan,  Ka Wing Leung, Ping Yao,  Huaiyou Wang,Tina Tingxia Dong  Karl Wah Keung Tsim

 G.4. Red ginseng extract improves skeletal muscle energy metabolism and mitochondrial function in chronic fatigue mice

Haijing Zhang, Chunhui Zhao, Jinli Hou, Ping Su1, Yifei Yang1, Bing Xia, Xiaoang Zhao, Rong He, Lifang Wang, Chunyu Cao, Ting Liu and Jixiang Tian


Skeletal muscles are organs with high energy requirements, especially during vigorous exercise. Adequate mitochondrial function is essential to meet the high energy needs of skeletal muscle cells. Recent studies have reported that red ginseng can significantly improve chronic fatigue; however, the specific mechanism of action is still not clear.


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  6. Saito H, Nishiyama N. Effects of ginseng and its saponins on experimental amnesis in mice and on cell cultures of neurons. ; 1988. Seoul, Korea: Korean Society of Ginseng.

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  10. Kennedy DO, Scholey AB. Ginseng: potential for the enhancement of cognitive performance and mood. 2003; : 687–700.

  11. Kennedy DO, Reay JL, Scholey AB. . Proceedings of the 9th International Ginseng Symposium; 2006, Geumsan, Chungnam, Korea, Korean Society of Ginseng.

  12. Seo YJ, Shim EJ, Kwon MS, Choi OS, Yang JW, Choi SS, . . Proceedings of the 9th International Ginseng Symposium; 2006, Geumsan, Chungnam, Korea, Korean Society of Ginseng.

  13. Kamangar F, Gao YT, Shu XO, Kahkeshani K, Ji BT, Yang G, . Ginseng intake and gastric cancer risk in the Shanghai Women's Health Study cohort. 2007; : 629–30.

  14. Yun TK. Experimental and epidemiologic evidence on non-organ specific cancer preventive effect of Korean red ginseng and identification of active compounds. 2003; : 63–74.

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  16. Yun TK, Choi SY. Preventive effect of ginseng intake against various human cancers: A case-control study on 1987 pairs. 1995; : 401–8.

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